Frequently associated with a Hiatus Hernia

Heartburn Symptoms and Treatment

Symptoms of Heartburn

Heartburn symptoms typically include:

Burning Sensation: Usually felt in the upper abdomen and chest, intensifying after eating.

Acidic Taste: A sour or bitter taste in the mouth or throat.

Difficulty Swallowing and Regurgitation: Feeling of food sticking or acid backing up.

Globus symptoms: a tightness in the throat/neck

Causes of Heartburn:

Heartburn occurs when stomach acid flows back into the oesophagus. Common triggers include:

  • Overeating or lying down soon after eating.
  • Certain foods and drinks like alcohol, caffeine, and spicy foods will aggrivate.
  • Obesity, smoking, and some medications.

Treatment of Heartburn:

Treatment options range from lifestyle changes to medications:

  • Lifestyle Adjustments: 

Eat smaller meals, avoid trigger foods, reduce caffeine, don’t lie down immediately after eating, elevate your bed’s head, lose weight if necessary, and quit smoking.

  • Over-the-Counter Medications: 


Liner protectors such as Gaviscon or sucralfate

  • Prescription Medications and Surgery: 

For severe cases, stronger medications or surgery like laparoscopic anti-reflux surgery may be necessary.

H2-Receptor Antagonists (e.g., famotidine), and Proton Pump Inhibitors (e.g., omeprazole).

Prokinetic agents such as domperidone or metoclopramide are occasionally used.

Complications of Heartburn

  • Osophagitis and ulceration of oesophagus
  • Stricturing of the oesophagus sometimes called a peptic stricture
  • Barretts Oesophagus a premalignant condition of the oesophagus

Concerned about your health?

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Through our comprehensive consultation we endeavour to find the best solution for you, tailored to your needs and wants.

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